Week 2   Getting to Know Our Body Part & Symptoms

(認識身體部位及症狀)

Body Parts身體部位

 head頭

ear耳 eyes眼 nose鼻

 face臉

mouth嘴 tongue舌 neck頸

 cheek頰->rosy cheek(玫瑰頰,指紅潤的臉頰)

tooth牙(teeth)->I have a sweet tooth.(我喜愛甜食)

 shoulder肩

lip唇(lips)->Read my lips.(字面上看來是"讀我的唇",實際意義是"你應可洞悉我心")

 chest胸

tummy肚子->beer belly啤酒肚(限形容男人,女人小腹很大,則用big/huge belly)

 elbow肘

wrist腕 arm手臂->butterfly arm(蝴蝶袖,即手臂上的贅肉)

 hand手

palm掌 green thumbs(綠色大姆指,表精於園藝)

 thumb大姆指->two thumbs up(表splendid非常好), all thumbs(全部手指都是大姆指,表手很笨拙).

 first finger (index finger)食指

  middle finger中指 ring finger無名指

 finger手指

little finger (pinky)小指->pinky promise(用小指打勾勾,大部是與小朋友立約定)

 leg腿

hip臀  foot腳  knee膝

 knuckle關節

shin脛骨(小腿前部) calf小腿->big calves(蘿蔔腿)

 abdominal腹部

ankle踝 navel肚臍 jaw顎

 back背

thigh大腿 heel腳跟->high heel(高跟鞋)

 earlobe耳垂

chin下巴 gum牙齦->chewing gum(口香糖,或只用gum亦可)

 eyelashes眼睫毛

eyebrow眉毛->black/heavy/thick eyebrow(濃眉),thin eyebrow(柳眉)

 pupil瞳孔

eyelid眼瞼->double eyelid(雙眼皮),single eyelid(單眼皮) 

 cornea角膜

iris虹膜 lens水晶體 eyeball眼球

 brain腦

retina視網膜->retina detachment視網膜剝離

 spinal cord脊椎

lung肺 colon大腸 appendix盲腸

 intestine腸(指全部的腸)

small intestine小腸 liver肝 heart心

 bladder膀胱

under bite(戽斗) kidney腎->kidney bean(剉冰的大紅豆,外形如腎) 

 over bite(暴牙)

haggies(食材之一,羊胃)    

 

Symptoms症狀

 headache頭痛

 toothache牙痛  earache耳痛

 dizziness暈眩

 fever發燒  cold感冒

 flu流感

 snivel(sneeze)打噴嚏  running nose流鼻水

 sore throat喉嚨痛

 cough咳嗽  chest pain胸痛

 heart burn心灼熱

 stomachache胃痛  constipation便秘

 indigestion消化不良

 bronchitis支氣管炎  

 vomiting(throwing up)嘔吐

 I am going to throwing up.(我要吐了,口語上throwing up較常用)

                                             

Model Sentence模型句

1.     I don’t feel alright. I think I might be sick.          

 我覺得不舒服. 我想我可能是生病了.

2.     I got/have a cold/flu/fever. 我感冒/流感/發燒.

3.     I feel dizzy/pain. 我覺得頭暈/痛.

4.     I feel like throwing up. 我覺得想吐.

5.     My nose is running. 我流鼻水.

6.     I am aching. 我全身都痛.

7.     I’ve got constipation problem. 我有便秘的毛病.

 

Condition Expression 1 (情況表達一)

 Normal正常

 abnormal異常  fast快   slow慢

 low低 

 hot熱  warm暖  cold冷

 strong強

 weak虛  heavy重  light輕

 front前

 back後  dry乾  wet濕

 fat胖 

 thin瘦  deep深  increase增加

 decrease減少

 regular正常  irregular異常  contagious傳染 

 infectious感染

     

   

Model Sentence模型句

1.     I feel cold.我覺得冷.

2.     My tongue is dry.我的舌頭很乾.

3.     I have high blood pressure.我高血壓.

4.     I am too fat. 我太胖了.

5.     I feel my head is heavy.我覺得頭重重的.

 

Condition Expression 2 (情況表達二)

 Allergy過敏  

 rash紅疹  cut割傷  infection

 bruise瘀青

 burn燙  achy痛  chill發冷

 tired疲倦

 sweating盜汗(流汗)  tearing流淚  tearing流淚

 thirst口渴

 Bellied脹氣   dull遲緩  vomiting嘔吐

 scar疤

 swollen腫  blistery水泡  

 itchy癢

 bleeding流血  sprain扭傷  

 

Model Sentence 模型句

1.     I have an allergy to alcohol. 我對酒精過敏.

2.     I don’t know why my back comes out in a rash.          

   我不知道為什麼背部起了紅疹.

3.     I got bruise on my arms. 我的手臂有瘀青.

4.     My tummy is very itchy. 我的肚子癢.

5.     I got a cut on my finger. 我割傷手指.

6.     What symptoms do you have? 你有什麼症狀?

7.     Do you have this symptom often? 你經常有這個症狀嗎?

8.     Does this happen often?  經常發生嗎>

9.     Is this the first time you have had this symptom?      

   你第一次有這種症狀嗎?

10. When did you find this? 你什麼時候發現的?

11. When did you notice this?  你什麼時侯注意到的?

12. When did you first feel it?  你什麼時侯開始感覺到?

13. When did this happen? 這什麼時侯發生的?

14. Since when have you had this problem?                 

   你何時開始有這個問題的?

15. How long have you had this problem? 你這個問題多久了?

16. Was there any cause? 有任何原因嗎?

17. Can you think of any reasons? 你可以想到是什麼原因嗎?